New Zealand and Niue have a special relationship founded on close historical ties, unique constitutional arrangements and a common citizenship and currency. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth the Second. The local currency is the NZ dollar. New Zealand is the only country with a resident diplomatic representative or mission on the island.
Niue became a British protectorate in 1900 and was annexed by New Zealand in 1901. In 1974, following an act of self-determination held under the auspices of the United Nations, the people of Niue adopted a constitution providing for full self-government in free association with New Zealand, rather than full independence. This allowed Niue to determine its own affairs, while enjoying continued New Zealand citizenship, monetary aid, and military protection.
Since 1974, the New Zealand Government has gradually devolved responsibility for external affairs to the Niue Government which is now a signatory to many international conventions and a member of a number of international organisations.
Niueans are citizens of New Zealand, travel on New Zealand passports and have the right to live in New Zealand. The reverse does not apply. All visitors to Niue require a permit and New Zealanders are granted a 30 day permit on arrival.