Geography

The rock in the middle

Niue is situated at Latitude 19 deg S and Longitude 169 deg 50’ W, 2200 kilometres northeast of New Zealand, 368 kilometres east of Tonga, 600 km southeast of Samoa and 900 kilometres west of Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. It is 11 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time and 23 hours behind New Zealand Standard … Read more …

Sitting on a lens of fresh water

Although there are no watercourses on Niue, a ‘lens’ of fresh water lies about 60 metres below the rim of the central plateau. This groundwater is tapped by a series of bores and is the island’s main source of water. Households have tanks in which they store the rain that falls on their roof. Groundwater … Read more …

Limestone 500 metres thick

Niue is one of the world’s largest emerged coral atolls. It has been exposed as a result of dropping sea levels and geological uplifting over the last million years. It is 64 kilometres in circumference and 260 square kilometres in area, rising to no more than 69 metres above sea level. The soils of the … Read more …

Perched on top of a volcano

Niue Island is a coral limestone plateau perched on top of a submerged ancient volcano near the head of the Tonga Trench. It is not part of an island chain, but it does not stand alone – there are three underwater mountains nearby. Endeavour and Lachlan seamounts are about 30 km to the east and … Read more …